Vulnerability

A country's ND-GAIN index score is composed of a Vulnerability score and a Readiness score. Vulnerability measures a country's exposure, sensitivity and ability to adapt to the negative impact of climate change. ND-GAIN measures the overall vulnerability by considering vulnerability in six life-supporting sectors – food, water, health, ecosystem service, human habitat and infrastructure.

World wide ranking by Vulnerability, lower scores (green) are better.

Adjust for GDP

Country Rankings

Rank countries by ND-GAIN Country Index, Vulnerability and Readiness.

Scores for 2019

Rank Country Income group Score
1
Norway
Upper
0.248
2
Switzerland
Upper
0.250
3
Austria
Upper
0.266
4
New Zealand
Upper
0.279
5
Finland
Upper
0.282
6
Germany
Upper
0.284
7
Sweden
Upper
0.286
8
Spain
Upper
0.287
9
United Kingdom
Upper
0.288
10
Luxembourg
Upper
0.289
11
France
Upper
0.290
12
Canada
Upper
0.291
13
Czech Republic
Upper
0.294
14
Slovenia
Upper
0.295
15
Australia
Upper
0.305
16
Iceland
Upper
0.313
17
Israel
Upper
0.314
17
Italy
Upper
0.314
19
Ireland
Upper
0.315
19
Poland
Upper
0.315
21
Chile
Upper middle
0.316
22
Greece
Upper
0.319
22
Portugal
Upper
0.319
24
Belgium
Upper
0.320
24
Malta
Upper
0.320
26
United States
Upper
0.321
27
Belarus
Upper middle
0.330
27
Russian Federation
Upper middle
0.330
29
Bulgaria
Upper middle
0.338
29
Netherlands
Upper
0.338
31
Denmark
Upper
0.340
32
Estonia
Upper
0.341
32
Kazakhstan
Upper middle
0.341
32
Kyrgyzstan
Lower middle
0.341
35
Cyprus
Upper
0.345
36
Turkey
Upper middle
0.347
37
Saint Lucia
Upper middle
0.349
38
Slovakia
Upper
0.350
39
Hungary
Upper
0.351
40
Montenegro
Upper middle
0.352
41
Brunei Darussalam
Upper
0.356
42
Trinidad & Tobago
Upper middle
0.357
43
United Arab Emirates
Upper
0.358
43
Macedonia
Upper middle
0.358
45
Costa Rica
Upper middle
0.360
45
Japan
Upper
0.360
45
Qatar
Upper
0.360
48
Lithuania
Upper
0.361
49
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Upper middle
0.364
50
Croatia
Upper middle
0.365
50
Republic of Korea
Upper
0.365
52
Malaysia
Upper middle
0.368
52
Ukraine
Lower middle
0.368
54
Kuwait
Upper
0.370
55
Grenada
Upper middle
0.374
56
Jordan
Lower middle
0.375
57
Morocco
Lower middle
0.377
58
Barbados
Upper middle
0.378
59
Latvia
Upper
0.379
60
Armenia
Upper middle
0.380
60
Singapore
Upper
0.380
60
Suriname
Upper middle
0.380
60
Uzbekistan
Lower middle
0.380
64
Brazil
Upper middle
0.381
65
Tunisia
Lower middle
0.382
66
China
Upper middle
0.387
66
Algeria
Lower middle
0.387
66
Panama
Upper
0.387
69
Georgia
Upper middle
0.388
69
Venezuela
Upper middle
0.388
71
Iran
Lower middle
0.389
72
Mongolia
Lower middle
0.390
72
Saudi Arabia
Upper
0.390
72
Tajikistan
Low
0.390
75
Argentina
Upper middle
0.391
75
Romania
Upper
0.391
77
Uruguay
Upper middle
0.392
78
Turkmenistan
Upper middle
0.395
79
Azerbaijan
Upper middle
0.398
79
Paraguay
Lower middle
0.398
81
Oman
Upper middle
0.402
82
Mexico
Upper middle
0.403
83
South Africa
Lower middle
0.407
84
Colombia
Upper middle
0.409
85
Albania
Upper middle
0.411
86
Lebanon
Upper middle
0.412
87
Moldova
Lower middle
0.413
88
Dominica
Lower middle
0.417
89
Gabon
Upper middle
0.418
89
Serbia
Upper middle
0.418
91
Thailand
Upper middle
0.419
92
Libya
Upper middle
0.420
93
Cuba
NA
0.421
94
Fiji
Upper middle
0.422
94
Mauritius
Upper middle
0.422
96
Cape Verde
Lower middle
0.423
96
Dominican Republic
Upper middle
0.423
96
Jamaica
Lower middle
0.423
99
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Upper middle
0.424
100
Seychelles
Upper middle
0.434
101
Iraq
Lower middle
0.436
102
Ecuador
Lower middle
0.438
102
Egypt
Lower middle
0.438
102
Peru
Lower middle
0.438
105
El Salvador
Lower middle
0.441
106
Bahamas
Upper
0.444
106
Equatorial Guinea
Upper middle
0.444
108
Bahrain
Upper
0.445
108
Nicaragua
Lower middle
0.445
110
Indonesia
Lower middle
0.446
111
Guatemala
Lower middle
0.449
112
Botswana
Upper middle
0.450
113
Belize
Lower middle
0.452
114
Ghana
Lower middle
0.456
114
Guyana
Upper middle
0.456
116
Lesotho
Low
0.459
117
Syria
NA
0.461
118
Honduras
Lower middle
0.462
118
Philippines
Lower middle
0.462
120
Antigua and Barbuda
Upper middle
0.468
120
Bolivia
Lower middle
0.468
122
Sri Lanka
Lower middle
0.469
122
Namibia
Lower middle
0.469
124
Cameroon
Low
0.473
125
Djibouti
Lower middle
0.478
126
Viet Nam
Lower middle
0.479
127
Samoa
Lower middle
0.482
128
Dem. People's Rep. of Korea
NA
0.484
129
Maldives
Upper middle
0.493
129
Nigeria
Lower middle
0.493
131
Timor-Leste
Low
0.499
132
India
Lower middle
0.503
133
Togo
Low
0.505
134
Angola
Lower middle
0.506
135
Congo
Low
0.508
136
Côte d'Ivoire
Lower middle
0.509
137
Nepal
Low
0.510
138
Laos
Lower middle
0.512
138
Swaziland
Lower middle
0.512
140
Mozambique
Low
0.513
140
Sao Tome & Principe
Low
0.513
142
Zambia
Low
0.517
143
Kenya
Low
0.518
143
Pakistan
Low
0.518
145
Tanzania
Low
0.520
145
Zimbabwe
Low
0.520
147
Cambodia
Low
0.522
148
Comoros
Low
0.523
149
Papua New Guinea
Low
0.524
150
Bhutan
Lower middle
0.528
150
Senegal
Low
0.528
152
Guinea
Low
0.530
152
Gambia
Low
0.530
152
Haiti
Low
0.530
155
Myanmar
Lower middle
0.538
156
Vanuatu
Low
0.541
157
Bangladesh
Lower middle
0.543
158
Burkina Faso
Low
0.545
159
Madagascar
Low
0.547
160
Malawi
Low
0.548
161
Yemen
Low
0.557
162
Mauritania
Lower middle
0.558
163
Burundi
NA
0.559
163
Ethiopia
Low
0.559
165
Central African Rep.
Low
0.561
166
Sierra Leone
Low
0.563
167
Solomon Islands
Low
0.564
168
Rwanda
Low
0.568
168
Tonga
Lower middle
0.568
170
Micronesia
Low
0.579
171
Afghanistan
Low
0.580
172
Benin
Low
0.582
172
Uganda
Low
0.582
174
Eritrea
Low
0.587
175
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Low
0.592
176
Mali
Low
0.598
177
Liberia
Low
0.606
178
Sudan
Low
0.615
179
Chad
Low
0.621
180
Guinea-Bissau
Low
0.629
181
Somalia
NA
0.676
182
Niger
Low
0.677
 
Palau*
Upper middle
-
 
St Vincent & Grenadines*
Lower middle
-
 
Tuvalu*
Low
-
 
San Marino*
Upper
-
 
Kiribati*
Low
-
 
Liechtenstein*
NA
-
 
Monaco*
NA
-
 
Marshall Islands*
Low
-
 
Andorra*
NA
-
 
Nauru*
Lower middle
-
* Data unavailable to determine country ranking.