Bosnia & Herzegovina

GDP (PPP) per capita (2018): 14,347.99 Int. Dollar Population (2018): 3,323,929 HDI (2018): 0.77
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 79
Score: 49.7
Vulnerability 0.372
Readiness 0.366

The low vulnerability score and low readiness score of Bosnia & Herzegovina places it in the lower-left quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Relative to other countries, its current vulnerabilities are manageable but improvements in readiness will help it better adapt to future challenges. Bosnia & Herzegovina is the 42nd least vulnerable country and the 81st least ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Ranking
79
79
85
82
79
79
76
76
77
74
78
80
81
82
82
78
79
75
75
75
80
80
78
79
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1999 to 2018 Score
Vulnerability
0.372
Food
0.415
Projected change of cereal yields
0.699
Projected population change
0.042
Food import dependency
0.249
Rural population
0.558
Agriculture capacity
0.856
Child malnutrition
0.088
Water
0.259
Projected change of annual runoff
0.333
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.219
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.012
Water dependency ratio
0.053
Dam capacity
0.820
Access to reliable drinking water
0.117
Health
0.404
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.061
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.658
Dependency on external resource for health services
0.044
Slum population
0.078
Medical staff
0.771
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.810
Ecosystem Services
0.476
Projected change of biome distribution
0.624
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.227
Natural capital dependency
-
Ecological footprint
0.286
Protected biome
0.494
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.749
Human Habitat
0.409
Projected change of warm periods
0.074
Projected change of flood hazard
0.753
Urban concentration
0.442
Age dependency ratio
0.443
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.662
Paved roads
0.080
Infrastructure
0.272
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.598
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.002
Dependency on imported energy
0.753
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.006
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
-