Panama

GDP (PPP) per capita (2018): 25,508.63 Int. Dollar Population (2018): 4,176,873 HDI (2018): 0.80
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 72
Score: 51.3
Vulnerability 0.391
Readiness 0.417

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Panama places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Panama is well positioned to adapt. Panama is the 59th least vulnerable country and the 88th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Ranking
64
64
62
61
61
65
65
64
68
67
68
69
69
69
70
71
68
72
72
70
70
71
72
72
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1999 to 2018 Score
Vulnerability
0.391
Food
0.442
Projected change of cereal yields
0.960
Projected population change
0.285
Food import dependency
0.075
Rural population
0.348
Agriculture capacity
0.937
Child malnutrition
0.046
Water
0.237
Projected change of annual runoff
0.438
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.285
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.010
Water dependency ratio
0
Dam capacity
0.453
Access to reliable drinking water
-
Health
0.426
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.303
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.659
Dependency on external resource for health services
0.023
Slum population
0.227
Medical staff
0.917
Access to improved sanitation facilities
-
Ecosystem Services
0.370
Projected change of biome distribution
0.471
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.497
Natural capital dependency
0.216
Ecological footprint
0.157
Protected biome
0.296
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.583
Human Habitat
0.525
Projected change of warm periods
0.336
Projected change of flood hazard
0.556
Urban concentration
0.652
Age dependency ratio
0.542
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.479
Paved roads
0.587
Infrastructure
0.345
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.429
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.140
Dependency on imported energy
0.939
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.173
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
0.388