Ghana

GDP (PPP) per capita (2018): 4,738.31 Int. Dollar Population (2018): 29,767,108 HDI (2018): 0.60
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 109
Score: 44.3
Vulnerability 0.466
Readiness 0.353

The high vulnerability score and low readiness score of Ghana places it in the upper-left quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. It has both a great need for investment and innovations to improve readiness and a great urgency for action. Ghana is the 70th most vulnerable country and the 74th least ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Ranking
115
116
115
115
115
114
120
121
116
117
118
113
113
112
107
107
105
104
101
107
109
110
108
109
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1999 to 2018 Score
Vulnerability
0.466
Food
0.561
Projected change of cereal yields
0.974
Projected population change
0.427
Food import dependency
0.318
Rural population
0.474
Agriculture capacity
0.994
Child malnutrition
0.181
Water
0.307
Projected change of annual runoff
0.449
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.240
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.024
Water dependency ratio
0.461
Dam capacity
0
Access to reliable drinking water
0.666
Health
0.503
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.333
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.397
Dependency on external resource for health services
0.510
Slum population
0.312
Medical staff
0.963
Access to improved sanitation facilities
-
Ecosystem Services
0.474
Projected change of biome distribution
0.565
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.317
Natural capital dependency
0.573
Ecological footprint
0.219
Protected biome
0.553
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.619
Human Habitat
0.645
Projected change of warm periods
0.416
Projected change of flood hazard
0.710
Urban concentration
0.526
Age dependency ratio
0.680
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.656
Paved roads
0.881
Infrastructure
0.305
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.430
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.074
Dependency on imported energy
0.654
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.151
Electricity access
0.210
Disaster preparedness
0.313