Spain

GDP (PPP) per capita (2018): 39,915.47 Int. Dollar Population (2018): 46,723,749 HDI (2018): 0.89
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 26
Score: 62.4
Vulnerability 0.308
Readiness 0.555

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Spain places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Spain is well positioned to adapt. Spain is the 10th least vulnerable country and the 38th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Ranking
24
24
22
23
21
21
21
21
21
22
22
23
23
23
24
24
25
25
26
27
27
27
26
26
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1999 to 2018 Score
Vulnerability
0.308
Food
0.310
Projected change of cereal yields
0.801
Projected population change
0.086
Food import dependency
0.173
Rural population
0.212
Agriculture capacity
0.589
Child malnutrition
0
Water
0.308
Projected change of annual runoff
0.453
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.186
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.463
Water dependency ratio
0.003
Dam capacity
0.726
Access to reliable drinking water
0.016
Health
0.242
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.030
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.658
Dependency on external resource for health services
0
Slum population
0
Medical staff
0.729
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.035
Ecosystem Services
0.280
Projected change of biome distribution
0.647
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.340
Natural capital dependency
0.037
Ecological footprint
0.337
Protected biome
0.149
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.170
Human Habitat
0.371
Projected change of warm periods
0.084
Projected change of flood hazard
0.533
Urban concentration
0.788
Age dependency ratio
0.514
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.297
Paved roads
0.010
Infrastructure
0.336
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.476
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.042
Dependency on imported energy
0.909
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.251
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
-