Costa Rica

GDP (PPP) per capita (2018): 17,645.10 Int. Dollar Population (2018): 4,999,441 HDI (2018): 0.79
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 59
Score: 54.1
Vulnerability 0.385
Readiness 0.467

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Costa Rica places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Costa Rica is well positioned to adapt. Costa Rica is the 52nd least vulnerable country and the 68th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Ranking
54
55
53
51
51
51
59
59
58
61
59
61
66
67
65
63
61
61
60
60
59
59
59
59
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1999 to 2018 Score
Vulnerability
0.385
Food
0.371
Projected change of cereal yields
0.950
Projected population change
0.200
Food import dependency
0.202
Rural population
0.223
Agriculture capacity
0.614
Child malnutrition
0.038
Water
0.292
Projected change of annual runoff
0.494
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.261
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.029
Water dependency ratio
0
Dam capacity
0.902
Access to reliable drinking water
0.065
Health
0.390
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.303
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.658
Dependency on external resource for health services
0.001
Slum population
0.040
Medical staff
0.947
Access to improved sanitation facilities
-
Ecosystem Services
0.452
Projected change of biome distribution
0.459
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.809
Natural capital dependency
0.246
Ecological footprint
0.247
Protected biome
0.269
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.684
Human Habitat
0.563
Projected change of warm periods
0.317
Projected change of flood hazard
0.463
Urban concentration
0.777
Age dependency ratio
0.434
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.644
Paved roads
0.746
Infrastructure
0.240
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.425
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.073
Dependency on imported energy
0.840
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.021
Electricity access
0.004
Disaster preparedness
0.076