Italy

GDP (PPP) per capita (2018): 41,630.45 Int. Dollar Population (2018): 60,431,283 HDI (2018): 0.88
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 32
Score: 60.3
Vulnerability 0.323
Readiness 0.529

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Italy places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Italy is well positioned to adapt. Italy is the 14th least vulnerable country and the 45th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Ranking
25
25
26
25
25
25
26
26
26
26
26
25
27
27
27
28
30
32
33
33
33
33
33
32
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1999 to 2018 Score
Vulnerability
0.323
Food
0.307
Projected change of cereal yields
0.839
Projected population change
0.092
Food import dependency
0.155
Rural population
0.319
Agriculture capacity
0.440
Child malnutrition
0
Water
0.224
Projected change of annual runoff
0.396
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.234
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.394
Water dependency ratio
0.046
Dam capacity
-
Access to reliable drinking water
0.052
Health
0.289
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.030
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.658
Dependency on external resource for health services
-
Slum population
0
Medical staff
0.718
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.039
Ecosystem Services
0.336
Projected change of biome distribution
0.682
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.673
Natural capital dependency
0.029
Ecological footprint
0.382
Protected biome
0.209
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.044
Human Habitat
0.394
Projected change of warm periods
0.174
Projected change of flood hazard
0.648
Urban concentration
0.681
Age dependency ratio
0.565
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.295
Paved roads
0
Infrastructure
0.386
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.517
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.351
Dependency on imported energy
0.925
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.325
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
0.201