Canada

GDP (PPP) per capita (2018): 48,106.89 Int. Dollar Population (2018): 37,058,856 HDI (2018): 0.92
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 18
Score: 67.9
Vulnerability 0.314
Readiness 0.671

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Canada places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Canada is well positioned to adapt. Canada is the 12th least vulnerable country and the 19th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Ranking
10
10
10
11
12
12
11
12
12
12
11
11
12
12
10
13
13
14
14
14
14
15
16
18
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1999 to 2018 Score
Vulnerability
0.314
Food
0.239
Projected change of cereal yields
0
Projected population change
0.197
Food import dependency
0.124
Rural population
0.200
Agriculture capacity
0.914
Child malnutrition
0
Water
0.205
Projected change of annual runoff
0.827
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.352
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.019
Water dependency ratio
0.018
Dam capacity
0
Access to reliable drinking water
0.012
Health
0.304
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.030
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.658
Dependency on external resource for health services
-
Slum population
0
Medical staff
0.647
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.183
Ecosystem Services
0.390
Projected change of biome distribution
0.671
Projected change of marine biodiversity
1.000
Natural capital dependency
0.092
Ecological footprint
0
Protected biome
0.201
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.377
Human Habitat
0.516
Projected change of warm periods
0.062
Projected change of flood hazard
0.816
Urban concentration
0.800
Age dependency ratio
0.490
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.321
Paved roads
0.606
Infrastructure
0.232
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.428
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.161
Dependency on imported energy
0.448
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.128
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
0.226