Estonia

GDP (PPP) per capita (2018): 35,450.24 Int. Dollar Population (2018): 1,320,884 HDI (2018): 0.88
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 22
Score: 63.8
Vulnerability 0.366
Readiness 0.642

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Estonia places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Estonia is well positioned to adapt. Estonia is the 37th least vulnerable country and the 22nd most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Ranking
27
25
25
25
26
26
25
24
23
23
23
22
22
21
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1999 to 2018 Score
Vulnerability
0.366
Food
0.255
Projected change of cereal yields
0
Projected population change
0.048
Food import dependency
0.156
Rural population
0.335
Agriculture capacity
0.990
Child malnutrition
0
Water
0.317
Projected change of annual runoff
0.237
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.434
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.188
Water dependency ratio
0.007
Dam capacity
0.967
Access to reliable drinking water
0.070
Health
0.252
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.061
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.658
Dependency on external resource for health services
0.045
Slum population
0
Medical staff
0.720
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.027
Ecosystem Services
0.488
Projected change of biome distribution
0.894
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.583
Natural capital dependency
-
Ecological footprint
0.044
Protected biome
0.153
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.765
Human Habitat
0.595
Projected change of warm periods
0.163
Projected change of flood hazard
0.866
Urban concentration
0.665
Age dependency ratio
0.563
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.487
Paved roads
0.825
Infrastructure
0.288
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.438
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.164
Dependency on imported energy
0.672
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.167
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
-