Ethiopia

GDP (PPP) per capita (2017): 1,899.21 Int. Dollar Population (2017): 104,957,438 HDI (2017): 0.46
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 163
Score: 35.0
Vulnerability 0.566
Readiness 0.267

The high vulnerability score and low readiness score of Ethiopia places it in the upper-left quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. It has both a great need for investment and innovations to improve readiness and a great urgency for action. Ethiopia is the 23rd most vulnerable country and the 30th least ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Ranking
165
164
162
161
160
159
161
160
160
162
162
161
162
163
165
165
163
160
162
160
158
163
163
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1998 to 2017 Score
Vulnerability
0.566
Food
0.701
Projected change of cereal yields
0.869
Projected population change
0.463
Food import dependency
0.718
Rural population
0.859
Agriculture capacity
0.918
Child malnutrition
0.381
Water
0.447
Projected change of annual runoff
0.751
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.382
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.090
Water dependency ratio
0
Dam capacity
0.926
Access to reliable drinking water
0.530
Health
0.810
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.364
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
1.000
Dependency on external resource for health services
1.000
Slum population
0.762
Medical staff
0.995
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.742
Ecosystem Services
0.486
Projected change of biome distribution
0.506
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0
Natural capital dependency
0.666
Ecological footprint
0.212
Protected biome
0.729
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.802
Human Habitat
0.588
Projected change of warm periods
0.313
Projected change of flood hazard
0.716
Urban concentration
0.122
Age dependency ratio
0.766
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.739
Paved roads
0.870
Infrastructure
0.363
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.256
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
-
Dependency on imported energy
0.699
Population living under 5m above sea level
0
Electricity access
0.571
Disaster preparedness
0.288