Ethiopia

GDP (PPP) per capita (2018): 2,018.57 Int. Dollar Population (2018): 109,224,559 HDI (2018): 0.47
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 157
Score: 36.8
Vulnerability 0.559
Readiness 0.296

The high vulnerability score and low readiness score of Ethiopia places it in the upper-left quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. It has both a great need for investment and innovations to improve readiness and a great urgency for action. Ethiopia is the 20th most vulnerable country and the 44th least ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Ranking
160
160
155
151
154
151
152
151
152
153
157
156
148
156
158
153
153
156
156
156
157
158
160
157
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1999 to 2018 Score
Vulnerability
0.559
Food
0.602
Projected change of cereal yields
0.869
Projected population change
0.463
Food import dependency
0.130
Rural population
0.854
Agriculture capacity
0.917
Child malnutrition
0.381
Water
0.513
Projected change of annual runoff
0.751
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.382
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.090
Water dependency ratio
0
Dam capacity
0.926
Access to reliable drinking water
0.928
Health
0.803
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.364
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
1.000
Dependency on external resource for health services
1.000
Slum population
0.676
Medical staff
0.975
Access to improved sanitation facilities
-
Ecosystem Services
0.485
Projected change of biome distribution
0.506
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0
Natural capital dependency
0.666
Ecological footprint
0.207
Protected biome
0.729
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.802
Human Habitat
0.593
Projected change of warm periods
0.313
Projected change of flood hazard
0.716
Urban concentration
0.146
Age dependency ratio
0.771
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.739
Paved roads
0.870
Infrastructure
0.360
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.256
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
-
Dependency on imported energy
0.699
Population living under 5m above sea level
0
Electricity access
0.557
Disaster preparedness
0.288