Australia

GDP (PPP) per capita (2019): 51,390.50 Int. Dollar Population (2019): 24,982,688 HDI (2019): 0.94
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 12
Score: 70.1
Vulnerability 0.305
Readiness 0.707

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Australia places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Australia is well positioned to adapt. Australia is the 15th least vulnerable country and the 11th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
Ranking
13
13
14
15
15
15
12
14
12
12
13
14
14
13
13
13
12
11
11
12
13
11
12
12
12
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 2000 to 2019 Score
Vulnerability
0.305
Food
0.367
Projected change of cereal yields
0.856
Projected population change
0.262
Food import dependency
0.098
Rural population
0.151
Agriculture capacity
0.834
Child malnutrition
0
Water
0.286
Projected change of annual runoff
0.936
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.250
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.027
Water dependency ratio
0
Dam capacity
0.220
Access to reliable drinking water
-
Health
0.152
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.658
Dependency on external resource for health services
0
Slum population
0
Medical staff
0
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.252
Ecosystem Services
0.373
Projected change of biome distribution
0.588
Projected change of marine biodiversity
1.000
Natural capital dependency
0.078
Ecological footprint
0
Protected biome
0.172
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.397
Human Habitat
0.490
Projected change of warm periods
0.107
Projected change of flood hazard
0.614
Urban concentration
0.849
Age dependency ratio
0.534
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.264
Paved roads
0.572
Infrastructure
0.164
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.437
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.049
Dependency on imported energy
0.061
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.261
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
0.176