Colombia

GDP (PPP) per capita (2018): 14,999.44 Int. Dollar Population (2018): 49,648,685 HDI (2018): 0.76
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 89
Score: 48.4
Vulnerability 0.413
Readiness 0.380

The low vulnerability score and low readiness score of Colombia places it in the lower-left quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Relative to other countries, its current vulnerabilities are manageable but improvements in readiness will help it better adapt to future challenges. Colombia is the 80th least vulnerable country and the 86th least ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Ranking
112
111
112
111
109
107
106
106
108
106
101
98
98
98
93
89
83
84
86
84
85
87
87
89
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1999 to 2018 Score
Vulnerability
0.413
Food
0.368
Projected change of cereal yields
0.950
Projected population change
0.178
Food import dependency
0.196
Rural population
0.207
Agriculture capacity
0.643
Child malnutrition
0.035
Water
0.378
Projected change of annual runoff
0.635
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.311
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.007
Water dependency ratio
0.091
Dam capacity
0.945
Access to reliable drinking water
0.280
Health
0.511
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.303
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.665
Dependency on external resource for health services
0.044
Slum population
0.288
Medical staff
0.907
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.857
Ecosystem Services
0.459
Projected change of biome distribution
0.518
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.943
Natural capital dependency
0.230
Ecological footprint
0.095
Protected biome
0.324
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.648
Human Habitat
0.622
Projected change of warm periods
0.381
Projected change of flood hazard
0.649
Urban concentration
0.793
Age dependency ratio
0.451
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.597
Paved roads
0.863
Infrastructure
0.137
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.429
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.055
Dependency on imported energy
0
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.070
Electricity access
0.004
Disaster preparedness
0.263