Finland

GDP (PPP) per capita (2018): 47,930.19 Int. Dollar Population (2018): 5,518,050 HDI (2018): 0.93
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 3
Score: 73.7
Vulnerability 0.297
Readiness 0.772

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Finland places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Finland is well positioned to adapt. Finland is the 5th least vulnerable country and the 5th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Ranking
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1999 to 2018 Score
Vulnerability
0.297
Food
0.271
Projected change of cereal yields
-
Projected population change
0.122
Food import dependency
0.115
Rural population
0.158
Agriculture capacity
0.961
Child malnutrition
0
Water
0.201
Projected change of annual runoff
0.516
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.367
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.084
Water dependency ratio
0.027
Dam capacity
0.206
Access to reliable drinking water
0.004
Health
0.195
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.030
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.658
Dependency on external resource for health services
0
Slum population
0
Medical staff
0.475
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.008
Ecosystem Services
0.362
Projected change of biome distribution
0.824
Projected change of marine biodiversity
1.000
Natural capital dependency
0.068
Ecological footprint
0
Protected biome
0.125
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.154
Human Habitat
0.505
Projected change of warm periods
0.148
Projected change of flood hazard
0.829
Urban concentration
0.842
Age dependency ratio
0.610
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.256
Paved roads
0.345
Infrastructure
0.250
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.329
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.052
Dependency on imported energy
0.825
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.107
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
0.188