Finland

GDP (PPP) per capita (2019): 51,318.34 Int. Dollar Population (2019): 5,515,525 HDI (2019): 0.94
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 3
Score: 73.5
Vulnerability 0.282
Readiness 0.751

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Finland places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Finland is well positioned to adapt. Finland is the 5th least vulnerable country and the 5th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
Ranking
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
2
3
3
4
3
3
3
2
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 2000 to 2019 Score
Vulnerability
0.282
Food
0.270
Projected change of cereal yields
-
Projected population change
0.122
Food import dependency
0.114
Rural population
0.158
Agriculture capacity
0.957
Child malnutrition
0
Water
0.189
Projected change of annual runoff
0.516
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.367
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.051
Water dependency ratio
0.027
Dam capacity
0.168
Access to reliable drinking water
0.004
Health
0.116
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.030
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.658
Dependency on external resource for health services
0
Slum population
0
Medical staff
0
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.008
Ecosystem Services
0.362
Projected change of biome distribution
0.824
Projected change of marine biodiversity
1.000
Natural capital dependency
0.069
Ecological footprint
0
Protected biome
0.125
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.154
Human Habitat
0.505
Projected change of warm periods
0.148
Projected change of flood hazard
0.829
Urban concentration
0.842
Age dependency ratio
0.610
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.256
Paved roads
0.345
Infrastructure
0.250
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.329
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.052
Dependency on imported energy
0.823
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.108
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
0.188