Romania

GDP (PPP) per capita (2018): 28,206.36 Int. Dollar Population (2018): 19,473,936 HDI (2018): 0.82
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 66
Score: 52.1
Vulnerability 0.405
Readiness 0.448

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Romania places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Romania is well positioned to adapt. Romania is the 74th least vulnerable country and the 75th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Ranking
71
71
71
73
74
73
71
69
71
69
69
65
59
57
56
58
61
68
68
69
65
67
67
66
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1999 to 2018 Score
Vulnerability
0.405
Food
0.473
Projected change of cereal yields
0.779
Projected population change
-
Food import dependency
0.136
Rural population
0.496
Agriculture capacity
0.820
Child malnutrition
0.135
Water
0.428
Projected change of annual runoff
0.481
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.189
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.042
Water dependency ratio
0.800
Dam capacity
0.867
Access to reliable drinking water
0.189
Health
0.313
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.061
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.658
Dependency on external resource for health services
0.003
Slum population
0.148
Medical staff
0.764
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.242
Ecosystem Services
0.422
Projected change of biome distribution
0.694
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.483
Natural capital dependency
-
Ecological footprint
0.196
Protected biome
0.225
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.514
Human Habitat
0.471
Projected change of warm periods
0.102
Projected change of flood hazard
0.699
Urban concentration
0.504
Age dependency ratio
0.510
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.536
Paved roads
0.474
Infrastructure
0.326
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.510
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.241
Dependency on imported energy
0.734
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.112
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
0.356