Nicaragua

GDP (PPP) per capita (2018): 5,523.76 Int. Dollar Population (2018): 6,465,513 HDI (2018): 0.65
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 123
Score: 41.8
Vulnerability 0.450
Readiness 0.285

The high vulnerability score and low readiness score of Nicaragua places it in the upper-left quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. It has both a great need for investment and innovations to improve readiness and a great urgency for action. Nicaragua is the 78th most vulnerable country and the 38th least ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Ranking
129
128
126
121
119
120
117
115
114
114
114
114
114
118
121
124
123
120
116
118
116
117
117
123
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1999 to 2018 Score
Vulnerability
0.450
Food
0.479
Projected change of cereal yields
0.958
Projected population change
0.227
Food import dependency
0.226
Rural population
0.447
Agriculture capacity
0.933
Child malnutrition
0.085
Water
0.234
Projected change of annual runoff
0.616
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.218
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.013
Water dependency ratio
0.051
Dam capacity
0
Access to reliable drinking water
0.507
Health
0.515
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.364
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.658
Dependency on external resource for health services
0.182
Slum population
0.443
Medical staff
0.929
Access to improved sanitation facilities
-
Ecosystem Services
0.558
Projected change of biome distribution
0.541
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.912
Natural capital dependency
0.492
Ecological footprint
0.157
Protected biome
0.482
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.765
Human Habitat
0.559
Projected change of warm periods
0.306
Projected change of flood hazard
0.430
Urban concentration
0.553
Age dependency ratio
0.549
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.641
Paved roads
0.874
Infrastructure
0.353
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.435
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.253
Dependency on imported energy
0.811
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.049
Electricity access
0.132
Disaster preparedness
0.438