Vulnerability

A country's ND-GAIN index score is composed of a Vulnerability score and a Readiness score. Vulnerability measures a country's exposure, sensitivity and ability to adapt to the negative impact of climate change. ND-GAIN measures the overall vulnerability by considering vulnerability in six life-supporting sectors – food, water, health, ecosystem service, human habitat and infrastructure.

World wide ranking by Vulnerability, lower scores (green) are better.

Adjust for GDP

Country Rankings

Rank countries by ND-GAIN Country Index, Vulnerability and Readiness.

Scores for 2018

Rank Country Income group Score
1
Norway
Upper
0.267
2
Switzerland
Upper
0.270
3
Luxembourg
Upper
0.292
4
Austria
Upper
0.293
5
Germany
Upper
0.297
5
Finland
Upper
0.297
7
Sweden
Upper
0.301
8
United Kingdom
Upper
0.303
9
Czech Republic
Upper
0.305
10
Spain
Upper
0.308
11
France
Upper
0.310
12
Canada
Upper
0.314
13
New Zealand
Upper
0.316
14
Italy
Upper
0.323
14
Poland
Upper
0.323
16
Iceland
Upper
0.327
17
Ireland
Upper
0.328
18
Slovenia
Upper
0.330
19
Australia
Upper
0.331
20
Israel
Upper
0.332
21
Denmark
Upper
0.338
22
Chile
Upper middle
0.341
22
Portugal
Upper
0.341
24
Russian Federation
Upper middle
0.343
25
Greece
Upper
0.344
26
Belarus
Upper middle
0.349
26
Malta
Upper
0.349
26
Slovakia
Upper
0.349
29
United States
Upper
0.350
30
Cyprus
Upper
0.351
31
Netherlands
Upper
0.352
32
Kazakhstan
Upper middle
0.353
33
Bulgaria
Upper middle
0.356
33
Turkey
Upper middle
0.356
35
Belgium
Upper
0.360
35
Hungary
Upper
0.360
37
Estonia
Upper
0.366
38
Japan
Upper
0.369
38
Saint Lucia
Upper middle
0.369
40
Malaysia
Upper middle
0.370
41
Republic of Korea
Upper
0.371
42
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Upper middle
0.372
43
Kyrgyzstan
Low
0.373
44
United Arab Emirates
Upper
0.374
45
Montenegro
Upper middle
0.379
46
Grenada
Upper middle
0.381
47
Brunei Darussalam
Upper
0.382
47
Jordan
Upper middle
0.382
47
Ukraine
Lower middle
0.382
50
Venezuela
Upper middle
0.383
51
Macedonia
Upper middle
0.384
52
Costa Rica
Upper middle
0.385
52
Qatar
Upper
0.385
54
Croatia
Upper
0.386
54
Lithuania
Upper middle
0.386
56
Morocco
Lower middle
0.387
57
Tunisia
Upper middle
0.389
58
Barbados
Upper
0.390
59
Panama
Upper middle
0.391
60
Latvia
Upper middle
0.393
60
Trinidad & Tobago
Upper
0.393
62
Uruguay
Upper middle
0.395
63
Mongolia
Lower middle
0.397
64
Algeria
Upper middle
0.398
64
Suriname
Upper middle
0.398
66
China
Upper middle
0.399
67
Singapore
Upper
0.401
68
Brazil
Upper middle
0.402
69
Argentina
Upper middle
0.403
69
Paraguay
Lower middle
0.403
69
Uzbekistan
Lower middle
0.403
72
Iran
Upper middle
0.404
72
Saudi Arabia
Upper
0.404
74
Romania
Upper middle
0.405
75
Turkmenistan
Upper middle
0.406
76
Mexico
Upper middle
0.407
77
Armenia
Lower middle
0.408
77
Azerbaijan
Upper middle
0.408
79
Kuwait
Upper
0.412
80
Colombia
Upper middle
0.413
80
Georgia
Lower middle
0.413
80
South Africa
Upper middle
0.413
83
Serbia
Upper middle
0.415
84
Moldova
Lower middle
0.416
85
Oman
Upper
0.419
86
Lebanon
Upper middle
0.422
87
Libya
Upper middle
0.424
88
Gabon
Upper middle
0.425
88
Thailand
Upper middle
0.425
90
Jamaica
Upper middle
0.427
91
Tajikistan
Low
0.429
92
Albania
Lower middle
0.430
93
Dominican Republic
Upper middle
0.432
94
Cuba
Upper middle
0.436
95
Fiji
Lower middle
0.438
96
Peru
Upper middle
0.439
97
Egypt
Lower middle
0.440
98
Dominica
Upper middle
0.441
99
El Salvador
Lower middle
0.443
100
Cape Verde
Lower middle
0.445
100
Mauritius
Upper middle
0.445
102
Ecuador
Upper middle
0.447
103
Iraq
Lower middle
0.448
104
Nicaragua
Lower middle
0.450
105
Guatemala
Lower middle
0.451
105
Indonesia
Lower middle
0.451
107
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Upper
0.453
108
Bahrain
Upper
0.454
109
Syria
Lower middle
0.457
110
Bahamas
Upper
0.464
110
Equatorial Guinea
Upper
0.464
112
Ghana
Lower middle
0.466
113
Guyana
Lower middle
0.467
114
Botswana
Upper middle
0.469
114
Honduras
Lower middle
0.469
116
Philippines
Lower middle
0.472
117
Cameroon
Lower middle
0.473
118
Bolivia
Lower middle
0.475
118
Djibouti
Lower middle
0.475
118
Lesotho
Lower middle
0.475
118
Namibia
Upper middle
0.475
122
Sri Lanka
Lower middle
0.477
123
Belize
Lower middle
0.479
124
Viet Nam
Lower middle
0.480
125
Antigua and Barbuda
Upper middle
0.481
126
Seychelles
Upper middle
0.496
126
Samoa
Lower middle
0.496
128
Nigeria
Lower middle
0.499
129
Cambodia
Low
0.501
130
Congo
Lower middle
0.502
131
Côte d'Ivoire
Lower middle
0.503
132
Angola
Upper middle
0.504
133
Bhutan
Lower middle
0.508
134
India
Lower middle
0.509
135
Timor-Leste
Lower middle
0.510
136
Togo
Low
0.512
137
Mozambique
Low
0.517
138
Nepal
Low
0.521
139
Papua New Guinea
Lower middle
0.523
140
Guinea
Low
0.528
140
Zambia
Lower middle
0.528
142
Swaziland
Lower middle
0.532
143
Kenya
Low
0.533
143
Laos
Lower middle
0.533
143
Pakistan
Lower middle
0.533
143
Senegal
Lower middle
0.533
147
Gambia
Low
0.535
147
Tanzania
Low
0.535
147
Zimbabwe
Low
0.535
150
Haiti
Low
0.536
151
Comoros
Low
0.540
151
Mauritania
Low
0.540
151
Rwanda
Low
0.540
154
Maldives
Upper middle
0.543
155
Bangladesh
Low
0.546
156
Yemen
Lower middle
0.549
157
Vanuatu
Lower middle
0.553
158
Myanmar
Low
0.554
158
Malawi
Low
0.554
160
Burkina Faso
Low
0.558
160
Sierra Leone
Low
0.558
162
Ethiopia
Low
0.559
163
Madagascar
Low
0.560
164
Burundi
Low
0.562
165
Central African Rep.
Low
0.564
166
Tonga
Lower middle
0.568
167
Sao Tome & Principe
Low
0.571
168
Benin
Low
0.576
169
Solomon Islands
Lower middle
0.585
169
Uganda
Low
0.585
171
Eritrea
Low
0.587
172
Afghanistan
Low
0.593
173
Dem. Rep. of the Congo
Low
0.595
174
Mali
Low
0.600
175
Liberia
Low
0.611
175
Sudan
Lower middle
0.611
177
Micronesia
Lower middle
0.620
177
Guinea-Bissau
Low
0.620
179
Chad
Low
0.621
180
Niger
Low
0.664
181
Somalia
Low
0.675
 
Monaco*
Upper
-
 
Marshall Islands*
Lower middle
-
 
Tuvalu*
Upper middle
-
 
Kiribati*
Lower middle
-
 
Nauru*
Low
-
 
Liechtenstein*
Upper
-
 
San Marino*
Upper
-
 
Palau*
Upper middle
-
 
Dem. People's Rep. of Korea*
Low
-
 
Andorra*
Upper
-
 
St Vincent & Grenadines*
Upper middle
-
* Data unavailable to determine country ranking.